Which instructional methods are most effective for math?

James Hiebert and Douglas Grouws reveal which elements of math instruction have been shown to help students’ conceptual understanding and their skill efficiency  

DECIDING WHICH INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS are most effective for increasing students’ learning continues to be one of the great challenges for educational research. Should teachers use Method A or Method B? Which one will show the best results?

What we know
● To improve conceptual understanding, make explicit the important mathematical relationships and ask students to “work and wrestle.”
● To improve skill efficiency, use rapid pacing, modeling, and moving to error-free practice.
● Balance these two approaches, with a heavier emphasis on conceptual understanding.

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Published

October 2009